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Microsoft Unboxed: Tech in the Sea (Ep. 28)

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>> Hello world, and welcome to Microsoft Unboxed [MUSIC] I'm one of your hosts, Colleen O'Brien, and I'm here with my friend and Co-host, Sonia Dara

>> Sup >> Every week, we're sharing stories of Microsoft technology, and the people behind that technology I'm going to share a story with Sonia that she'd never heard before She will share a story with me And this week, the topic of our stories is

Tech in The Sea! >> But before we begin, to our viewers, please remember to subscribe to the channel if you haven't done so already There's a beautiful little red button, just click it We have a new episode every Thursday at 9:00 AM Pacific

So you'll get a notification so that you never miss out on us >> Even before I hear your stories, I want to know a little bit more about the water activities in your life So are you are a river, a lake, or an ocean person? >> I would have to say I'm a lake person >> Do tell >> So I grew up in Atlanta Georgia, and there's the Chattahoochee River

Yes, that's actually is the name Chattahoochee River You never touched it because you'd probably turn green if you got anywhere near it Yeah Then we would go down to Florida to the oceans and stuff, but we're not beach people, my family

So I have to say lakes, because we have a lot of them in Washington, and they're nice >> Good call I was going to say that I'm an ocean person, but I actually love spending time in Seattle's lakes >> Yeah We have these alpine lakes, and they're bright green, and blue, and crystal clear

>> I like getting a nice stand up paddle board session in on Lake Union >> I like kayaking better >> Yeah >> Because you can't fall in as easily >> Okay

So you like to kayak Anything else you like to do, water activity wise? >> I mean, I'll never say no to a nice boat >> Didn't you ever go through scuba certification? >> I got halfway >> Okay >> I did scuba certification in the pool

Okay, it's pretty cool All right Then we did the open water certification in Elliott Bay >> Freezing >> Freezing, murky

They scare you telling you these stories of this octopus that can come out and suction off your goggles I was like, "That's not terrifying enough" I got maybe seven feet below the surface of the water before I was like, "I'm done" >> [inaudible]

>> That's not for me >> Yeah, that's scary Well, at least you tried >> And failed >> So during your scuba training, I know you went under the water for a very long period of time

>> Very short-lived >> But did you happen to see any oysters down there? >> Umno

Not while I was flailing around But why do you ask? >> Well, today I'm going to talk to you about the Internet of Oysters >> Do tell >> Yes The star of our story today, her name is Ros Harvey

>> Ros, I like that >> She has created a company called The Yield So, this story takes place in Tasmania But Tasmanian marine oyster farmers are producing about 36 million oysters a year >> That's a lot

>> That's a lot That is a seafood special right there Because oysters are filter animals, whenever there is a ton of heavy rain that could wash contaminants into the areas where oysters are, state regulators need to shut down the areas where farmers are harvesting The traditional way to measure the amount of contamination in that water would be to use a rain gauge from a public weather station, which might actually be hundreds of kilometers away from that area >> That doesn't seem right

>> So Harvey and her team are using Microsoft Azure IoT Suite to power real-time sensors that sit in the oyster leases, and analyze the water that the oysters drink >> Nice >> We're getting real-time data at the edge >> At the edge of the oyster >> Ros Harvey has a long history of doing really great social impact work

Even at the time, despite the fact that Ros is not a self-proclaimed technologist, she's always been interested in figuring out how to leverage technology to solve these really big social impact issues >> Damn >> Yeah >> All right So Ros sounds like a boss

So she sounds amazing How does that tie back to The Yield? >> The Yield obviously has all these great applications beyond these oyster leases >> Definitely >> She's now expanded the use case of The Yield to tackle one of the biggest global challenges Do you want to know what it is? >> Yes

>> How are we going to feed the world? >> That's a pretty big one >> Yeah We need to increase food production by 70 percent by 2050 >> More or less terrifying I do like that she was solving for one problem, and realizing there was an application that could be used across multiple solution area

>> Absolutely >> Very cool >> She's not done yet >> Of course she's not done She's just rolling up her sleeves

>> The Yield's newest Internet of Things effort leases in on the weather affecting each farm, each field, each row, and even each plant >> She's going to affect the weather >> She's going to better monitor the weather >> Cool >> So if it wasn't completely obvious already, I'm a huge fan of Ros's

>> She has two fans, including me now So my story is also from down under In Australia's Northern Territory in Darwin, there is this harbor It is massive It is five times the size as Sydney Harbor

Yeah Huge harbor There is a simple task that they were trying to do, which is to count the fish >> Simple enough >> Simple enough

The issue there is they have heavy tides, swells, of more than seven meters, lots of choppy and murky Keyword, murky water So similar to Elliott Bay in Puget Sound >> So it's hard to count those fish? >> Yeah On top of that, they have salties

>> What is that? >> Saltwater crocodiles >> Saltwater crocodiles >> And multiple species of sharks They're just trying to figure out how many fish there are, so they can manage the populations >> Salties is such a cute word for such a vicious- >> Salties are terrifying

>> Salties all of those animals? >> Yeah You have the salties or these saltwater crocodiles that make it incredibly dangerous for any diver to get physically into the water, because you're donezo >> All right So why do we even need to know how many fish there are? >> So the Department of Primary Industry and Resources for the Northern Territory Government, is tasked to ensure fisheries resources are sustainably managed and develop for future generations The issue is they couldn't get into the water to actually count the fish, because they could die

Then on top of that, it was murky water So it's physically really, really hard to see >> It seems like an unsolvable problem? >> Yeah Unsolvable So they tried underwater cameras, which would be the first thing you'd go to

But if you're thinking about it, they're dropping this camera in, its recording hours of footage Also, it's hard to see right >> Imagine you would double count the fish Like one, two >> Yeah

That one sad fish that's in front of you So they used a B-R-U-V, which is a baited remote underwater video >> A [inaudible] >> A [inaudible] , for a high-risk data gathering But the issue is the sharks are actually eating the bait from these cameras

>> So they were putting out the bait for- >> To get new fish to come >> Got it >> Come by the camera So the sharks were too smart, and the sharks are eating the bait So Steve Van Bodegraven is a Microsoft Machine Learning Engineer, and he's also Darwin local

He worked with the Northern Territory's fisheries to get computer vision to work in this setting They were training images for the AI So similar to Wild Book we've talked about before >> Yeah >> So using these training images, they can tell Fish A from Fish B, from Fish C

The funny thing is they had an interesting dilemma, that they'd have some weird types of fish that sit in this Darwin Harbor So one is called the gold-spotted cod, that can actually change colors to blend in So this poor AI is trying to figure out if this fish is there or not They spent three months, looked through thousands of images, and they were actually able to identify 15 different types of species of fish >> Wow

>> I think that's a lot The fun fact is they still haven't figured out how many species of fish So they are working on this, and they're expanding and building But to get to that point, from where they had no idea how many fish there were or types of fish, and to now be able to identify 15 different species It's pretty cool

>> Yeah That's a huge jump >> Now they're also thinking about different use-case scenarios for this So they're using it to monitor kookaburra out in the Northern Territory >> What is a kookaburra, again? >> It's a bird

So Microsoft has made this available on GitHub So open source Hoping that other companies will find use-case scenarios like just monitoring the fish or kookaburra, and yeah, try to use our AI for some good >> So whether you are Ros in Tasmania, building an Internet of oysters, or Steve in Darwin, counting all of those little tiny fish in that murky water harbor, there are a ton of ways that AI in Internet of Things, can be really applicable to help us measure and take care of our environment >> Take care of those fishies

>> With that, we are going to transition to Outside the Box >> Yeah >> Sonia, I will ask you a question first >> Okay I have 30 seconds to answer

We've never seen these questions before >> Sonia, what is your least favorite bug? >> Cockroaches Easy They just always find me They know I'm scared of them, and they will find me

>> What do you do when you see one? >> Usually is like I squirm, maybe I squeal, and usually, I make someone else deal with it >> We're done with that >> Just thinking about it If you had a time machine, what time period would you visit? >> I would go to the roaring '20s I just love a flapper dress

I love a little Yeah >> Do you think we'll get roaring '20s like take two next year? >> Year 2020 >> Yeah >> I think a lot of people are going to be roaring about something in 2020

If you have any questions that you want to submit to the box, comment below the video >> And remember to subscribe to our channel Just hit the little button, and you'll be all set We have a new episode every Thursday at 9:00 AM Pacific, and you don't want to miss out >> Thanks for watching, and that's a wrap

Tech In The Sea >> Yeah Tech In The Sea >> Tech In The Sea >> Hey everyone

If you can't get enough of us, I would highly recommend subscribing to our podcast, Women in Business and Technology, available right here >> You can follow us on Twitter and Instagram at our social handles right here [MUSIC]

Source: Youtube

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